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Updated: Jun 18

Schizophrenia is a complex and severe mental disorder that affects a person's thinking, emotions, and behavior.

Scared Woman with schizophrenia sitting in the corner at room with people shadows-hallucinations and schizoprenia disease concept


It can result in a range of symptoms and cognitive impairments that may make it difficult for individuals to distinguish between what is real and what is not, leading to disruptions in their daily functioning. Here are some key characteristics and symptoms associated with schizophrenia:

  • Delusions. Delusions are false beliefs that are resistant to reason or contrary evidence. These beliefs often involve paranoid or grandiose ideas and can be a prominent feature of schizophrenia.

  • Hallucinations. People with schizophrenia may experience hallucinations, which are false sensory perceptions. Auditory hallucinations (hearing voices) are the most common, but visual and other sensory hallucinations can also occur.

  • Disorganized thinking and speech. Individuals with schizophrenia may have difficulty organizing their thoughts and expressing them coherently. This can result in disorganized or incoherent speech and difficulty following a conversation.

  • Disorganized or abnormal motor behavior. This can include unusual or unpredictable movements, agitation, and difficulties with everyday activities.

  • Negative symptoms. These refer to a decrease in normal emotional and behavioral processes. Negative symptoms can include a lack of motivation, reduced ability to experience pleasure (anhedonia), and social withdrawal.

  • Cognitive impairments. Many individuals with schizophrenia experience difficulties with memory, attention, and problem-solving.

The exact cause of schizophrenia is not well understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurobiological factors. It typically emerges in late adolescence or early adulthood and is a chronic condition that often requires ongoing treatment, including medication and therapy. Treatment can help manage symptoms and improve the individual's quality of life.

It's important to note that individuals with schizophrenia can lead meaningful and productive lives with the right support and treatment. Schizophrenia is a treatable condition, and early intervention is crucial for better outcomes. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia, it's important to seek help from a mental health professional.

Do you know someone who needs help?

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Phone: 301-259-3574

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